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Tagalog Lite Lesson 61 – Before and Previously; Bago and Dati
before (adv); new (adj)
previously (adv); former (adj)
This lesson covers some common ways to say “before” and “previously” in Tagalog by using bago and dati.
As an adverb, bago means “before”. It can be used with a noun.
bago + noun (Tag.) = before (the) noun (Eng.)
Notes: Noun takes ang form.
Ex: bago ang sasakyan
= before the car (this can also mean “the car is new” - see bago as an adjective below)
Ex: Gusto kong pumunta doon bago ang Huwebes.
= I want to go there before Thursday.
Ex: Kinain niya ang lechon bago ang trabaho.
= She ate the lechon before work.
It can also be used with a clause.
bago + clause (Tag.) = before clause (Eng.)
Ex: Sinagot niya ang tanong bago ko siya tinanong.
= She answered the question before I asked her.
Ex: Bago ako maglalaro ng basketball, magbibisikleta ako.
= Before I play basketball I will bicycle.
Ex: Kailangan niyang bumili ng manok bago magluto ng adobo.
= She needs to buy chicken before cooking adobo.
In the last example, notice that the infinitive magluto means “cooking”; you saw something similar with tapos. As an adjective, bago means “new”.
Ex: bago mong sasakyan
= your new car
Ex: Gusto ko ng bagong bahay.
= I want a new house.
Ex: Yun ba ang bagong babae?
= Is that the new girl?
As an adverb, dati means “previously”. It is normally placed at the end of a phrase.
Phrase + dati (Tag.) = Phrase previously (Eng.)
Ex: Hindi siya mahilig sa sasakyan dati.
= He did not like cars previously.
Ex: Nagturo ang guro ng Tagalog dati.
= The teacher taught Tagalog previously.
Ex: Nasa Cebu si Vanessa dati.
= Vanessa was in Cebu previously.
As an adjective, it means “former/previous/ex”.
Ex: dati niyang asawa
= his/her ex wife/husband
Ex: Mas gusto ko ang dating sasakyan.
= I prefer the previous car.
Ex: Dating pangulo ba siya?
= Is he the ex-president?
Joaquin was not in Luzon previously.
Wala si Joaquin sa Luzon dati.
Mother wants a real house and a new job.
Gusto ni nanay ng tunay na bahay at bagong trabaho.
Do not mock your ex-wife.
Huwag mong pagtawanan ang dati mong asawa.
He went to Parañaque before October.
Pumunta siya sa Parañaque bago ang Oktubre.
They cooked adobo in the pan previously.
Pinaglutuan nila ng adobo ang kawali dati.
Whose new car is this?
Kaninong bagong sasakyan ito?
Let's have a discussion about her former name.
Pag-usapan natin ang dati niyang pangalan.
You cannot cook adobo before buying chicken.
Hindi ka puwedeng magluto ng adobo bago bumili ng manok.
He did not watch TV previously.
Hindi siya nanonood ng TV dati.
Your new bike seems like my previous bike.
Parang dating bisikleta ko ang bagong bisikleta mo.
Drills - Lesson 61
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